Writing/Research Paper Terminology
Audience: The person or persons to whom an argument is directed
Authorities: An accepted source of experts on a given topic
Background Statement: Information provided to create a context for the paper. You can use a basic definition of the topic, an illustration, an anecdote, or a presentation of the opinion opposite of the one taken in the paper to introduce your subject.
Body: The bulk of the paper; contains the facts/research and argument that will support the thesis. Be sure to include analysis/interpretation when needed.
Cite: To use and document actual text or original ideas from one of your sources
Claim: The statement that asserts a belief or truth generally requiring supporting evidence
Conclusion: Final paragraph of paper; concludes paper by showing validity of thesis
Evidence: Material offered to support an argument
Essay: A short literary composition on a single subject, usually presenting the personal view of the writer
Introduction: The first paragraph of paper; introduces the topic and contains the thesis and the structural statement
Interpretation: the action of explaining the meaning of something–in writing this is the way the writer connects the evidence to the claim or thesis
Graphic organizer: A preliminary visual organization of the research paper
Online Sources: Any online resource from which you gather information for your research paper
Opinion: A belief held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof
Outline: A preliminary sketch of what the research paper will look like
Pagination: The numbering of each page of your research paper. There are specific rules for this.
Paraphrase: rewriting of research in your own words. This still must be cited.
Parenthetical reference/citation: Device by which you document the source of research. This is an in-text citation that directly follows a quote or summarized/paraphrased information you have used from an outside source
Periodical: Magazines, newspapers, and journals
Plagiarism: Use of material without the required Documentation
Propaganda: An argument advancing a point without regard to reason, fairness, or truth
Quotations: The exact words from a source. Must be put in quotation marks and parenthetically referenced and cited (on the works cited page)
Report: A formal statement of facts on a given subject
Research Paper: A formal, cited paper that presents the results of investigation on a selected topic
Sound Argument: A valid argument supported by facts and common knowledge
Sources: Where a researcher finds information
Structural Statement: This sentence or group of sentences lists the major arguments of the paper in the order in which they will appear.
Support: To furnish evidence for a particular belief or conclusion
Thesis: A sentence/argument that focuses the research paper and states the opinion or point of view to be developed in the paper; a sentence that succinctly states a writer’s main point
Topic: The general subject of the research paper
Working Thesis (or tentative thesis): A thesis that sometimes changes as results occur
Works Cited Page: The last page of a research paper or essay that lists all the sources cited in the paper (the parenthetical references). This page must be set up according to very specific rules and is generally listed in alphabetical order and includes the author, title, publication dates/place, and page numbers of a source.